Data Sharing in Herefordshire
Herefordshire practices, their doctors & staff, working as part of the NHS, need and want to share patient data in various ways in order to improve the services and care that we provide. But we also want to ensure we continue to protect your confidential and personal information.
In the last few years there have been a number of national schemes in addition to an increasing number of independently and separately organised local schemes proposed & implemented where data will be automatically extracted from GP computer systems & sent elsewhere, unless the patient has opted out. Further data extractions for new purposes are due to occur soon. Some of these data extractions are to help the patient if they are seen elsewhere in the country. Some are purely for analysis of health care to improve the NHS services.
For many of these schemes, GP practices have a legal obligation to allow their data to be extracted. The only power they have as the data controllers of your medical record is to ensure that you are aware of where your medical records may be sent and why. Patients however can block their data from being extracted in most if not all cases. This document tries to explain the main purposes of data extraction & how you can selectively prohibit this if you wish.
1. The Summary Care Record (SCR)
This is a national database that is intended to provide basic health information to all providers who need it. It is intended that your demographics (personal details such as name, DOB, address etc) as well as basic medical information about you, (initially just drugs taken, documented allergies and any “End of life” decisions) would be stored and made accessible to anyone needing it within the NHS, for example if you were seen in a Casualty department in another area of the country. You can ask to “opt out” of the SCR if you wish by asking the practice to amend your records. See below for how to do this. However, you need to think carefully before opting out here as the SCR allows doctors throughout the country to access your basic information if they need which will help them look after you, particularly if you are brought in unconscious.
2. Risk Stratification
Herefordshire Clinical Commissioning Group are introducing a system called Risk Stratification within Herefordshire GP practices. This system uses confidential information from your medical record to identify patients who may need more care and support. We particularly want to be able to identify people at high risk of emergency hospital admission so we can offer more care to help improve their health and try to avoid a hospital admission. Identifying each person’s risk of future admission is called Risk Stratification.
The information from your record along with your postcode and NHS number will be sent to a secure system where it can be linked with information from hospitals if you have been in hospital recently. Your personal results can only be seen by those caring for you in your own GP practice. Anonymised information which does not identify you can also be used to help those planning NHS services in Herefordshire – but they will not be able to link this information to you as an individual in any way.
Opt-out form Opt_out_form_v6
3. Local Health Record Network (LHRN)
GP practices in many areas of the country and many Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) are now starting to establish their own local databases of patient information to try to improve communication between different services such as Health Services & Social Services, in order to help plan local care. They bring together information held on computers in Health care and in Social care. They are designed to give staff working in these areas faster access to relevant patient information.
Anyone needing to see your record will ask you first. You must agree before your record can be seen and this occurs each time you are seen. In addition anyone accessing a patient’s records will have their details recorded so it’s possible to see who has opened each record. In Hereford this is known as the “Local Health Record Network” provided by Taurus Healthcare Ltd.
Key benefits of this scheme are hoped to be things such as:
• Safeguarding Children: poor information sharing has been highlighted as a significant risk in recent cases.
• Frail Elderly: sharing information when someone is vulnerable.
• Urgent care: if someone is not able to give vital information in a critical situation.
You can opt out of having your medical records extracted & uploaded to any such local database and information on how to do this is shown below. And if you have not opted out you still need to give consent each time your record is accessed.
4. care.data – nationally from autumn 2014
In 2013 the government proposed to extract large sections of data from GP practices to form a national database from which they intend to analyse health needs across the country & also locally. GPs will not have a choice about this extraction and it will be universal, to help support NHS planning.
After serious expressions of concern from the medical profession, the Government has agreed to postpone this initiative for the time being.
5. Other data held on you in other databases:
There are several other agencies, including parts of the NHS, which will hold identifiable data on you, for example, local A&E departments, local hospitals, Mental Health trusts, Social Services etc. These various agencies will also be sending “patient identifiable” data to the HSCIC. Although you cannot stop these agencies from sending data on you to the HSCIC, you can block its onward transmission to other agencies for “secondary use”. Your GP practice does this by adding a specific code to your GP record. Then, when the HSCIC interrogates your GP record to check permission to extract your data for care.data purposes, it will “see” this secondary use blocking code & will therefore block the sending of data on you from them to other agencies – whether or not you have also had the code added to prohibit extraction for care.data purposes.
If you ask your GP practice to add the blocking code for this “secondary use” purpose, not only will it prevent data on you held by other places (like hospitals) being used for secondary purposes but it will also block the data on you held in your GP practice from being used for these purposes as well. Please see below for details.
6. National Audits & Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)
The HSCIC is also overseeing a number of nationally run data extractions to help with various specific disease areas such as Diabetes, Kidney disease, Dementia etc. A separate code needs to be added to your GP record to block extraction of data related to any of these audits and, again, details are below.
7. Opting Out from any of these schemes:
It is possible to “opt out” from any or all of the data sharing projects if you wish. For most of the data extraction schemes described above, simply complete the form at the end of this document & give it to your GP practice.
Do think carefully about each scheme as to whether you really want to block each one. For example, the Summary Care Record and also some local schemes are designed to help health care workers and sometimes social services to look after you better, sometimes in emergency situations, whereas care.data is for research purposes with no immediate benefit to you.
8. Will opting out from one of these data extractions block them all?
No, each of the codes that can be added by your GP practice has certain blocking effects, but blocking all types of data extraction from your own GP record will require more than one code to be added to your record. For example, one particular code blocks the care.data scheme from extracting data from your record. It also blocks the national clinical audits.
Blocking any local care record scheme from extracting data will require yet another code, as will wanting to block the Summary Care Record data extraction.
Finally, if you wish to prevent the HSCIC releasing / sharing non-identifiable data on you, both the data that care.data themselves have extracted from your GP record and also data sent to them about you by other sources like hospitals, to other agencies (a process called “secondary use”), then a further code will need to be added.
9. Are there other implications of refusing these data extractions?
No. Asking for any of these extractions to be blocked will
have any effect on the medical care that you are entitled to receive from your GP surgery or from anywhere else within the NHS or private sector
have any effect on your GP surgery and the way that it is paid by the NHS or on the services that it provides
have any effect on the way that hospitals are paid for treating you
have any effect on your prescriptions, vaccinations, screening procedures, investigations, monitoring of chronic conditions or referrals to specialists
prevent your GP from either referring you to a specialist under Choose & Book or managing your prescriptions via the Electronic Prescription Service
prevent you from requesting your prescriptions online, emailing your GP or surgery, or accessing your medical records online (if available to you).
prevent your GP from sharing your data within the NHS, where appropriate, for the purposes of your direct medical care
Disclaimer: All information in this document was correct at the time of writing (April 2014, updated August 2016) but guidance given to practices and requirements of GPs to engage with future data extractions and sharing may be subject to change, as stipulated by NHS England or other statutory bodies.